6th Week after Pentecost | 6-ая Неделя по Пятидесятнице

6th Week after Pentecost. Transfer of the relics of St. Philip, Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia, Wonderworker.

Dear Brothers and Sisters!
On July 16, the Orthodox Church celebrates the transfer of the relics of St. Philip, Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia, Wonderworker (1652);
 
St Philip, Metropolitan of Moscow (February 11, 1507–December 23, 1569), descended from the Kolychev family of boyars; in his youth he served at the court of Grand Duke Vasily III, father of Ivan the Terrible. At the age of 30, he took monastic vows in the Solovetsky Monastery, where he later became the abbot. His fame as a man of holy life, a wise and meek ruler, as well as an exemplary host spread throughout Russia.

Ivan the Terrible appointed Philip to head the office of the Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia to which at that time father Philip did not immediately agree and wanted dissolution of the oprichnina, but eventually accepted this service as the will of God.

Saint Philip was consecrated Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia on July 25, 1566. During the first period of Philip's hierarchship, the horrors of the oprichnina subsided, but this was not for long. Throughout his ministry, Philip condemned and denounced the tsar, insisting that Christianity should be merciful.

On November 8, 1569, on the feast day of Archangel Michael, the saint served for the last time in the Assumption Cathedral; during the service, Boyarin Basmanov read a decree from the tsar stipulating the metropolitan was to be immediately defrocked. The guardsmen tore off the vestments from the saint and dressed him in a tattered monastic cassock, pushed him out of the church, placed him on a log and with curses and beatings took him to the Epiphany Monastery where the torture continued and miraculously, not only did the chains fly off of him, the hungry bear did not touch the saint either.
Just over a month later on December 23, 1569 Metropolitan Philip was strangled by Malyuta Skuratov. After 22 years, his incorruptible relics were transferred to the Solovetsky monastery. At the same time, local veneration of the saint began and his life was compiled.


 6-ая Неделя по Пятидесятнице. Перенесение мощей святителя Филиппа, митрополита Московского и всея России, чудотворца.
 
Дорогие братья и сестры!
16 июля Православная церковь отметила перенесение мощей  святителя Филиппа, митрополита Московского и всея России, чудотворца (1652);

Филипп, митрополит Московский (11.2.1507–23.12.1569) происходил из рода бояр Колычевых, в молодости служил при дворе Великого Князя Василия III, отца Иоанна IV Грозного. 30 лет от роду постригся в Соловецком монастыре, где позже стал игуменом. Слава о нем, как о человеке святой жизни, мудром и кротком правителе, а также образцовом хозяине, разнеслась по всей Руси. 

Иван Грозный назначил Филиппа возглавить кафедру митрополита Московского и всея Руси. Филипп не сразу согласился, требовал уничтожения опричнины. Но позже принял это служение, как волю Божию.

Святитель Филипп был посвящен в митрополита Московского и Всея Руси 25 июля 1566 г. В первое время святительства Филиппа утихли ужасы опричнины, но так было недолго. Все свое служение Филипп осуждал и обличал царя, настаивая о том, что христианство должно быть милосердным.

8 ноября 1569 г., в праздник архангела Михаила, святитель в последний раз служил в Успенском соборе;   во время службы Боярин Басманов прочитал бумагу от царя, где говорилось, что митрополит лишается сана. Тотчас же опричники сорвали со святителя облачение и, одев в оборванную монашескую рясу, вытолкали вон из храма, посадили на дровни и с ругательствами и избиениями увезли в Богоявленский монастырь. Пытки на этом не закончились: чудесным образом с него слетали оковы, голодный медведь тоже не тронул святителя.

Позже 23 декабря 1569 г. в Тверском Отрочь монастыре, Митрополит Филипп Московский  был задушен Малютой Скуратовым.  Через 22 года его нетленные мощи были перенесены в Соловецкую обитель. Тогда же и началось местное почитание святителя и было составлено его житие.

 

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